The phrase “electronic keyboard” refers to any instrument which produces sound from the pressing or striking of keys, and uses electricity, in some way, to facilitate the creation of that sound. The use of digital baby grand piano to produce music follows an inevitable evolutionary line from the very first musical keyboard instruments, the pipe organ, clavichord, and harpsichord. The pipe organ is the oldest of such, initially designed by the Romans in the 3rd century B.C., and called the hydraulis. The hydraulis produced sound by forcing air through reed pipes, and was powered by means of a manual water pump or a natural water source such as a waterfall.
From it’s first manifestation in ancient Rome till the 14th century, the organ remained the sole keyboard instrument. It often did not come with a keyboard whatsoever, instead utilizing large levers or buttons that have been operated by using the whole hand.
The subsequent appearance of the clavichord and harpsichord within the 1300’s was accelerated by the standardization in the 12-tone keyboard of white natural keys and black sharp/flat keys present in all keyboard instruments nowadays. The popularity in the clavichord and harpsichord was eventually eclipsed from the development and widespread adoption of the piano within the 18th century. The piano was actually a revolutionary advancement in acoustic musical keyboards since a pianist could vary the quantity (or dynamics) of the sound the instrument created by varying the force with which each key was struck.
The emergence of electronic sound technology in the 18th century was the next essential element of the development of the current electronic keyboard. The first electrified musical instrument was thought to be the Denis d’or (built by Vaclav Prokop Dovis), dating from about 1753. It was shortly followed by the “clavecin electrique” introduced by Jean Baptiste Thillaie de Laborde around 1760. The previous instrument was made up of over 700 strings temporarily electrified to enhance their sonic qualities. The later had been a keyboard instrument featuring plectra, or picks, that were activated electrically.
While being electrified, neither the Denis d’or or perhaps the clavecin used electricity as being a sound source. In 1876, Elisha Gray invented such an instrument known as the “musical telegraph.,” which was, essentially, the very first analog electronic synthesizer. Gray discovered that he could control sound coming from a self-vibrating electromagnetic circuit, and thus invented a fundamental single note oscillator. His musical telegraph created sounds from your electromagnetic oscillation of steel reeds and transmitted them more than a telephone line. Grey proceeded to add an easy loudspeaker into his later models which consisted of a diaphragm vibrating in a magnetic field, making the tone oscillator audible.
Lee De Forrest, the self-styled “Father Of Radio,” was another major reason for the growth of the electronic keyboard. In 1906 he invented the triode electronic valve or “audion valve.” The audion valve was the first thermionic valve or “vacuum tube,” and De Forrest built the first vacuum tube instrument, the “Audion Piano,” in 1915. The vacuum tube became a necessary component of electronic instruments for the upcoming 50 years till the emergence and widespread adoption of transistor technology.
The decade of the 1920’s brought a wealth of new electronic instruments onto the scene like the Theremin, the Ondes Martenot, and the Trautonium.
The next major breakthrough within the history of best digital grand piano arrived in 1935 with the creation of the Hammond Organ. The Hammond was the very first electronic instrument competent at producing polyphonic sounds, and remained so up until the invention in the Chamberlin Music Maker, and also the Mellotron in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. The Chamberlin and also the Mellotron were the initial ever sample-playback keyboards designed for making music.
The electronic piano made it’s first appearance in the 1940’s with all the “Pre-Piano” by Rhodes (later Fender Rhodes). This is a 3 as well as a half octave instrument created from 1946 until 1948 that came equipped with self-amplification. In 1955 the Wurlitzer Company debuted their first electric piano, “The 100.”
The increase of music synthesizers in the 1960’s gave a strong push for the evolution of the electronic musical keyboards we have today. The initial synthesizers were extremely large, unwieldy machines used only in recording studios. The technological advancements and proliferation of miniaturized solid state components soon allowed the production of synthesizers that have been self-contained, portable instruments competent at being used in live performances.
This began in 1964 when Bob Moog produced his “Moog Synthesizer.” Lacking a keyboard, the Moog Synthesizer was not truly an electronic keyboard. Then, in 1970, Moog debuted his “Minimoog,” a non-modular synthesizer using a built-in keyboard, which instrument further standardized the style of electronic musical keyboards.
Most early analog synthesizers, including the Minimoog as well as the Roland SH-100, were monophonic, capable of producing only one tone at any given time. Several, including the EML 101, ARP Odyssey, as well as the Moog Sonic Six, could produce two different tones simultaneously when two keys were pressed. True polyphony (producing multiple simultaneous tones which permit for uwetwb playing of chords) was only obtainable, in the beginning, using electronic organ designs. There have been numerous electronic keyboards produced which combined organ circuits with synthesizer processing. These included Moog’s Polymoog, Opus 3, as well as the ARP Omni.
By 1976, additional design advancements had allowed the look of polyphonic synthesizers like the Oberheim Four-Voice, as well as the Yamaha series CS-50, CS-60, and CS-80. The very first truly practical polyphonic synth, introduced in 1977, was the Sequential Circuits Prophet-5. This instrument was the first to utilize a microprocessor as a controller, and also allowed all knob settings to be saved in computer memory and recalled simply by pushing a control button. The Prophet-5’s design soon took over as the new standard inside the electronic keyboards industry.
The adoption of Musical Instrumental Digital Interface (MIDI) since the standard for digital code transmission (allowing electronic keyboards to be connected into computers as well as other devices for input and programming), as well as the ongoing digital technological revolution have produced tremendous advancements in every elements of electric baby grand piano, construction, function, quality of sound, and cost. Today’s manufactures, like Casio, Yamaha, Korg, Rolland, and Kurzweil, are actually producing a good amount of well-built, lightweight, versatile, great sounding, and affordable electronic keyboard musical instruments and will continue to do so well into the near future.